Standards and Guidelines

AASHTO Guide for the Development of Bicycle Facilities, 4th Ed.  Standards engineers typically are required to follow.  Available for purchase from American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO).

AASHTO Guide for the Planning, Design, and Operation of Bicycle Facilities  Rails-to-Trails Conservancy posts this free downloadable DRAFT version of AASHTO’s guide, dated February 2010, on their web site

Best Design Practices for Walking and Bicycling in Michigan  Free download from the Michigan Dept. of Transportation.  Practices not in the MMUTCD require Federal Highway Administration approval.

Bicycle and Pedestrian Terminology  Definitions and illustrations of essential terms used in non-motorized planning; from MDOT.  Explains difference between commonly misunderstood terms such as “bike lane” vs. “bike route.”

Bike Route Wayfinding Signage and Markings System  Section of larger Urban Bikeway Design Guide that applies specifically to bike routes.  From the National Association of City Transportation Officials, but refers to other standards from AASHTO, Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices, with an especially useful set of links to comprehensive bike route design guides adopted by various US states and cities.

BFK Route Planning Guidelines 121111 web version  Preliminary guidelines for BFK’s route planning volunteers.

Criteria for “Bike Friendly” Awards from the American League of Bicyclists  Many bike friendly awards can be earned: communities, businesses, universities and even states are eligible.

Designing Walkable Urban Thoroughfares   Free download from AASHTO.  Requires adding it to your “cart.”

Developing Safety Plans: A Manual For Local Rural Road Owners  “In 2009, 56 percent of highway deaths occurred on rural roads and the fatality rate was 2.6 times higher in rural areas than in urban areas.” This FWHA guide can help road agencies with jurisdiction in rural areas develop local plans to integrate “the 4 E’s of Safety – engineering, education, enforcement and emergency services.”

How to Become an Even More Bike Friendly University-College-Community College   How to become a more bike friendly institution of higher learning.   Drawn from the League of American Bicyclists’ 2012 Bike Friendly University Award application.

Illustration of Approved Bicycle Signs – FHWA   Scroll for commentary and additional useful links on the Federal Highway Administration’s site

Institute of Transportation Engineers  Browse site to find Designing Walkable Thoroughfares guide.

Kalamazoo Area Transportation Study  A key central planning authority in our greater community; KATS is our Metropolitan Planning Organization.

MDOT State Long Range Transportation Plan 2005-2030: Nonmotorized Technical Report  Comprehensive report covering the types of non-motorized facilities under their jurisdiction, user profiles, benefits, funding sources and their legal context, among many others.

MDOT U.S. Bicycle Route Sign Guidance – Unofficial   Document used by MDOT when considering how to sign the U.S. Bicycle Routes that are being set up across the State of Michigan.

Michigan Complete Streets Coalition   Group working to help ensure streets accommodate needs of non-motorized and motorized users.

Michigan Design Manual (for Road Design)   Chapter 12.2 (2013) presents “Bicycle Facilities,” covering Attorney General Opinions, References, Types of Bicycle Facilities, Non-Motorized Transportation Project Review, Agreements-Shared Use Paths, and Design Features for Shared Use and On-Road Facilities.

Michigan Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices  Engineers must follow these standards in Michigan (aka, MMUTCD); download sections of most interest using this menu.  See below for link to MMUTCD Part 9, which pertains to Bicycle Facilities.

National Organization of City Transportation Officials  Browse site to find free downloadable Urban Bikeway Design Guide.  NACTO’s guides contain a number of innovative designs not yet formally adopted by AASHTO, yet may be considered and potentially used as per published guidance by FHWA in August 2013.

Ride With GPS Quick Tips   Brief tips on how to use the online route planning tool “Ride With GPS,” which BFK is using to help ensure a common platform for the creation, access, and sharing of route planning files.

Road Commission of Kalamazoo County  Has jurisdiction over much of Kalamazoo county’s road system that is not under the jurisdiction of cities and villages with so-called Act 51 authority.

State Transportation Commission Policy on Complete Streets  Michigan’s policy statement.  MDOT has adopted “Complete Streets” and now takes it into account when modifying and building elements under its jurisdication.  Local adoption is optional; it varies by jurisdiction and the degree to which Complete Streets vision is codified.

Traffic Control Devices For Bicycle Facilities (MMUTDC Part 9)  Contains key standards, options, guidance and supporting references for the traffic control devices for bicycle facilities in the State of Michigan.  Excellent figures throughout present sign and lane markings, illustrate placement.  Be alert for occasional updates to the Manual which may be found elsewhere.

Van Buren County Road Commission  Has jurisdiction over much of Van Buren county’s road system that is not otherwise under the jurisdiction of cities and villages with so-called Act 51 authority.